Mark Zhandry: 2014 Security Workshop

 

Monday, April 14, 2014
Location: Fisher Conference Center, Arrillaga Alumni Center

"Multiparty Key Exchange, Efficient Traitor Tracing, and More from Indistinguishability Obfuscation"
10:45am - 11:15am

Abstract:

In this work, we show how to use indistinguishability obfuscation (iO) to build multiparty key exchange, efficient broadcast encryption, and efficient traitor tracing. Our schemes enjoy several interesting properties that have not been achievable before:


  • Our multiparty non-interactive key exchange protocol does not require a trusted setup. Moreover, the size of the published value from each user is independent of the total number of users.
  • Our broadcast encryption schemes support distributed setup, where users choose their own secret keys rather than be given secret keys by a trusted entity. The broadcast ciphertext size is independent of the number of users.
  • Our traitor tracing system is fully collusion resistant with short ciphertexts, secret keys, and public key. Ciphertext size is logarithmic in the number of users and secret key size is independent of the number of users. Our public key size is polylogarithmic in the number of users. The recent functional encryption system of Garg, Gentry, Halevi, Raykova, Sahai, and Waters also leads to a traitor tracing scheme with similar ciphertext and secret key size, but the construction in this paper is simpler and more direct. These constructions resolve an open problem relating to differential privacy.
  • Generalizing our traitor tracing system gives a private broadcast encryption scheme (where broadcast ciphertexts reveal minimal information about the recipient set) with optimal size ciphertext.

Several of our proofs of security introduce new tools for proving security using indistinguishability obfuscation.


* Joint Work with Dan Boneh


Bio:

Mark Zhandry is a fourth-year Ph.D. student at Stanford University in the Department of Computer Science, studying cryptography and computer science theory under Dan Boneh. His research projects include investigating the many uses of indistinguishability obfuscation and exploring the new security models associated with implementing classical cryptosystems on a quantum computer.

In 2010, Mark graduated with Highest Honors from the University of California, Berkeley with a double major in Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences and Engineering Physics and with a minor inMathematics.