2012 Poster Sessions : Efficient Distributed Locality Sensitive Hashing

Student Name : Rajendra Shinde
Advisor : Ashish Goel
Research Areas: Information Systems
(Key, Value) based distributed frameworks, such as MapReduce, Memcached, and Twitter Storm are gaining increasingly widespread use in applications that process large amounts of data. One important example application is large scale similarity search, for which Locality Sensitive Hashing (LSH) has emerged as the method of choice, specially when the data is high-dimensional. At its core, LSH is based on hashing the data points to a number of buckets such that similar points are more likely to map to the same buckets. To guarantee high search quality, the LSH scheme needs a rather large number of hash tables. This entails a large space requirement, and in the distributed setting, with each query requiring a network call per hash bucket look up, this also entails a big network load. The Entropy LSH scheme proposed by Panigrahy significantly reduces the number of required hash tables by looking up a number of query offsets in addition to the query itself. While this improves the LSH space requirement, it does not help with (and in fact worsens) the search network efficiency, as now each query offset requires a network call. In this paper, focusing on the Euclidian space under $l_2$ norm and building up on Entropy LSH, we propose the distributed Layered LSH scheme, and prove that it exponentially decreases the network cost, while maintaining a good load balance between different machines. Our experiments also verify that our scheme results in significant network traffic reductions which also bring about runtime improvements.

Rajendra Shinde, Ph.D. student in iCME, Stanford University advised by Prof. Ashish Goel.