2014 Poster Sessions : Beyond Textbooks: New Pedagogical Model to Enhance Science and Mathematic Learning Using Mobile Video Captures

Student Name : Ariel Liu
Advisor : Roy Pea
Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence
A future leader not only has to think outside of the box, but also must know how to deal with the box. To-date, our learning materials are no longer restricted to a traditional classroom setting or a book, but instead there are an infinite amount of resources online and everywhere. It is more about what you can do – and how you relate your knowledge to what you can do – than static textbook knowledge. At the Graduate School of Education, we find that video can function as a bridge, connecting and spawning learning events across different settings (including school and home), and generating talk across different fields like mathematics, science and engineering. These conversations provide opportunities for students to ask questions, share perspectives, and provide explanations about real world events and phenomena. Here, we ask, what if learning across formal and informal settings can be bridged and enhanced by learner-generated video capture of real world events and phenomena in STEM areas [Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics]? Such a model could encourage learners to think like a real scientist, working and interacting with their peer group and teachers to research their topic.

The advanced and ongoing technological developments in high quality mobile video and web communities open up various possibilities for connecting learners’ everyday experiences to help them think about the world around them. With learner-generated video and new social media scaffolding new ways of discussion, technology can be a powerful educational tool in providing an important nexus for attracting joint attention of peer learners and in-the-moment conversation among the learners and the teacher. The goal of our study is to employ mobile video capture, sharing, and web knowledge building tools to teach learners ‘how to see’ scientific and mathematical aspects of real world phenomena, and to raise real questions that foster engagement in inquiries on STEM topics. Tackling such a goal requires transcending texts, cookbook labs and traditional classroom activity structures. We adapt a web-based community platform, inviting Bay Area middle school students to upload short-form (1-2 minute) STEM-related videos to be collected and reflected upon by learners and teachers. The STEM topics can be connected to the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics and the new K-12 Science Education Framework (NRC2012) and associated Next Generation Science Standards. We seek to create a new pedagogical model that brings learner and teacher videos of the world outside school and their scientific and mathematical questions about them into the discourse of the classroom and associated online forums. These joint engagements with media about STEM topics will serve as the anchor for collaborative inquiry learning, and will allow for active participation and critical thinking through media capture, annotation, and remixing, thereby increasing the potential of video as a pedagogical tool to promote learning for the 21st century.

Ariel Liu is a postdoctoral research fellow working for Professor Roy Pea at Stanford University. Their current research is to employ user-generated videos for sparking and engaging student inquiry into STEM topics in an effort to bridge understanding of these topics across formal and informal environments. Liu received her master and doctoral degrees in education at Oxford University. Her previous research explored how hands-on interactive devices can be used to increase school children’s learning and engagement in a museum setting. She is interested in the creative use of technology that enriches educational activities for deeper learning.